As with any other empirical reasearch, the first step of the research process is the collection of data.
the late 1990s, more and more newspapers issue online editions, which
frequently archived. In addition, a number of databases for newspaper data exist. Collection of news data has
become much less labor intensive. However, not all tools for data collection
equally suited the harvest of data. And the wealth of data that can be collected naturally also requires new
tools for data organization. In this section we will briefly introduce
main tools for news data sources, retrieval, and organization. For a more detailed evaluation of the
tolls, please consult or research section and/or consult our links on methodologies.