Exploring online research methods - Incorporating TRI-ORM

Ethics: List of references

The following is a list of references cited in this module:

Alexander, J. (2002a) Homo-pages and queer sites: Studying the construction and representation of queer identities on the world wide web, International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies, 7, 2-3, 85-106.

Alexander, J. (2002b) Behind the mask: an African gay-affirmative website, International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies, 7, 2-3, 227-234.

Allen, C. (1996) What's wrong with the golden rule? Conundrums of conducting ethical research in cyberspace, The Information Society, 12, 2, 175-187.

Anders, E. (2000) Women with Disabilities: Higher Education, Feminism and Social Constructions of Difference, Unpublished PhD thesis. Deaking University, Melbourne, Australia.

Bailey, C. (2001) Geographers doing household research: Intrusive research and moral accountability, Area, 33, 1, 107-109.

Bakardjieva, M. and Feenberg, A. (2001) Involving the virtual subject, Ethics and Information Technology, 2, 4, 233-240.

Barnes, S. B. (2004) Issues of attribution and identification in online social research, in Johns, M. D., Chen, S. S. and Hall, G. J. (Eds.) (2004) Online Social Research: Methods, Issues, and Ethics. New York. Peter Lang. pp. 203-222.

Bassett. E. H. and O'Riordan, K. (2002) Ethics of Internet research: Contesting the human subjects research model, Ethics and Information Technology, 4, 233-247.

Berry D. M. (2004) Internet research: Privacy, ethics and alienation: an open source approach, Internet Research: Electronic Networking Applications and Policy, 14, 4, 323-332.

Bober, M. (2004) Virtual youth research: An exploration of methodological and ethical dilemmas from a British perspective, in Buchanan, E. (Ed.) Readings in virtual research ethics: Issues and controversies. Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Press. pp. 288-315.

Boehlefeld, S. P. (1996) Doing the right thing: Ethical cyberspace research, The Information Society, 12, 2, 141-152.

Bruckman, A. (2002a) Ethical Guidelines for Research online
[External Link - opens in a new window] http://www.cc.gatech.edu/~asb/ethics/.

Bruckman, A. (2002b) Studying the amateur artist: A perspective on disgusing data collected in human subjects research on the Internet, Ethics and Information Technology, 4, 217-232.

Bruckman, A. S. (2004) Introduction: Opportunities and challenges in methodology and ethics, in Johns, M. D., Chen, S. S. and Hall, G. J. (Eds.) (2004) Online Social Research: Methods, Issues, and Ethics New York. Peter Lang. pp. 15-24.

Capurro, R. and Pingel, C. (2002) Ethical issues of online communication research, Ethics and Information Technology, 4, 189-194.

Cavanagh, A. (1999) Behaviour in public: ethics in online ethnography, Cybersociology
[External Link - opens in a new window] http://www.cybersociology.com/files/6_2_ethicsinonlineethnog.html.

Chen, S. S. , Hall, G. J. and Johns, M. D. (2004) Research paparazzi in cyberspace: The voices of the researched, in Johns, M. D., Chen, S. S. and Hall, G. J. (Eds.) (2004) Online Social Research: Methods, Issues, and Ethics. New York. Peter Lang. pp.157-175.

Coomber, R. (1997) Using the internet for survey research, Sociological Research Online, 2, 2.
[External Link - opens in a new window] http://www.socresonline.org.uk/2/2/2.html.

Cunneen, C. and Stubbs, J. (2000) Male violence, male fantasy and the commodification of women through the Internet, International Review of Victimology, 7, 5-28.

Curry, M. R. (1991) On the possibility of ethics in geography: Writing, citing and the construction of intellectual property, Progress in Human Geography, 15, 125-147.

Dahlberg, L. (2001) Computer-mediated communication and the public sphere: A critical analysis, Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 7, 1.

DeLorme, D. E., Zinkhan, G. M. and French, W. (2001) Ethics and the internet: Issues associated with qualitative research, Journal of Business Ethics, 33, 271-286.

Denscombe, M. (2003) The Good Research Guide for Small Scale Research Projects. Maidenhead. Open University Press.

Denzin, N. (1999) Cybertalk and the method of instances, in Jones, S. (Ed.) Doing Internet Research: Critical Issues and Methods for Examining the Net. Thousand Oaks. Sage. pp. 107-126.

Dyck, I. and Kearns, R. (1995) Transforming the relations of research: Towards culturally safe geographies of health and healing, Health and Place, 1, 137-147.

Economic and Social Research Council (2005) Research Ethics Framework.
[External Link - opens in a new window] http://www.esrc.ac.uk/_images/Framework_for_Research_Ethics_tcm8-4586.pdf.

Elgesem, D. (1996) Privacy, respect for persons and risk, in Ess, C. (Ed.) Philosophical Perspectives on Computer-Mediated Communication. Albany. University of New York Press. pp. 45-66.

Ess, C. (2002a) Introduction, Ethics and Information Technology, 4, 177-188.

Ess, C. (2002b) Cultures in collision: Philosophical lessons from computer-mediated communication, Metaphilosophy, 33, 1/2, 229-253.

Ess, C. (2004) Epilogue: are we there yet? Emerging ethical guidelines for online research, in Johns, M. D., Chen, S. S. and Hall, G. J. (Eds.) (2004) Online Social Research: Methods, Issues, and Ethics. New York. Peter Lang. pp. 253-263.

Ess, C. and AoIR Ethics Working Committee (2002) Ethical decision-making and internet research: recommendations form the AoIR ethics working committee.
[External Link - opens in a new window] http://www.aoir.org/reports/ethics.pdf.

Ess, C. and Sudweeks, F. (2001) On the edge: cultural barriers and catalysts to IT diffusion among remote and marginalized communities, New Media and Society, 3, 3, 259-269.

Ess C. and Sudweeks, F. (2002) Liberation in cyberspace…or computer-mediated colonization? Electronic Journal of Communication.
[External Link - opens in a new window] http://www.cios.org/www/ejc/v12n34.htm.

Eysenbach, G. and Till, J. (2001) Ethical issues in qualitative research on internet communities, British Medical Journal, 323, 7321, 1103-1105.

Foot, K. A., Jankowski, N. W., Kluver, R. and Schneider, S. M. (2003) The internet and elections: An international project for the comparative study of the role of the internet on the electoral process.

Frankel, M. S. (1989) Professional codes: Why, how and with what impact? Journal of Business Ethics, 8, 109-115.

Glaser, J., Dixit, J. and Green, D. (2002) Studying hate crime with the internet: What makes racists advocate racist violence? Journal of Social Issues, 58, 1, 177-193.

Groom, C. and Pennebaker, J. (2005) The language of love: sex, sexual orientation, and language use in online personal advertisements, Sex Roles, 52, 7-8, 447-461.

Grossman, W. (1997) Net.wars. New York. New York University Press.

Gurak, L. (2001) Cyberliteracy: Navigating the Internet with Awareness. New Haven CT. Yale University Press.

Hacker, K. L. and Steiner, R. (2002) The digital divide for Hispanic Americans, Howard Journal of Communications, 13, 4, 267-84.

Hall, G. J., Frederick, D. and Johns, M. D. (2004) 'NEED HELP ASAP!!!': A feminist communitarian approach to online research ethics, in Johns, M. D., Chen, S. S. and Hall, G. J. (Eds.) (2004) Online Social Research: Methods, Issues, and Ethics. New York. Peter Lang. pp. 239-253.

Heung, V. C. S. (2003) Internet usage by international travelers: reasons and barriers, International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 15, 7, 370-378.

Hewson, C., Yule, P., Laurent, D. and Vogel, C. (2003) Internet Research Methods. London. Sage.

Hine, C. (2005) Virtual methods and the sociology of Cyber-Social-Scientific knowledge, in Hine, C. (Ed.) Virtual Methods: Issues in Social Research on the Internet. Oxford. Berg. pp. 1-13.

Hocks, M. E. (1999) Feminist interventions in electronic environments, Computers and Composition, 16, 107-119.

Hudson, J. and Bruckman, A. (2004) 'Go Away': Participant objections to being studied and the ethics of chatroom research, The Information Society, 20, 2, 127-139.

Jankowski, N. W. and van Selm, M. (2005) Epilogue: Methodological concerns and innovations in internet research, in Hine, C. (Ed.) Virtual Methods: Issues in Social Research on the Internet. Oxford. Berg. pp. 199-207.

Janelle, D. G. and Hodge, D. C. (2000) Information, place, cyberspace and accessibility, in Janelle, D. G. and Hodge, D. C. (Eds.) Information, Place and Cyberspace. New York. Springer. pp. 3-12.

Johns, M. D., Hall, G. J. and Crowell, T. L. (2004) Surviving the IRB review: Institutional guidelines and research strategies, in Johns, M. D., Chen, S. S. and Hall, G. J. (Eds.) (2004) Online Social Research: Methods, Issues, and Ethics. New York. Peter Lang. pp. 105-124.

Jones, S. (2004) Introduction: Ethics and internet studies, in Johns, M. D., Chen, S. S. and Hall, G. J. (Eds.) (2004) Online Social Research: Methods, Issues, and Ethics. New York. Peter Lang. pp. 179-185.

Josok, G. H., Lagesen, V. and Sorensen, K. (2003) Out of the boys room? A critical analysis of understanding of gender and ICT in Norway, NORA: Nordic Journal of Women's Studies, 11, 130-139.

Kearns, R., Le Heron, R. and Romaniuk, A. (1998) Interactive ethics: Developing understanding of the social relations of research, Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 22, 3, 297-310.

King, S. A. (1996) Researching Internet communities: Proposed ethical guidelines for reporting of results, The Information Society, 12, 119-127.

Kitchin, H. A. (2003) The tri-council policy statement and research in cyberspace: Research ethics, the internet and revising a 'living document', Journal of Academic Ethics 1, 397-418.

Langer, R. and Beckman, S. C. (2005) Sensitive research topics: Netography revisited, Qualitative Market Research: An International Journal, 8, 2, 189-203.

Losh, S. C. (2004) Gender, educational, and occupational digital gaps 1983-2002, Social Science Computer Review, 22, 2, 152-166.

Ma, R. (1996) Computer-mediated conversations as a new dimension of intercultural communication between East Asian and North American college students, in Herring, S. (Ed.) Computer-Mediated Communication: Linguistic, Social and Cross Cultural Perspectives. Amsterdam. John Benjamins Publishing. pp. 173-186.

Madge, C. and O'Connor, H. (2002) Online with the e-mums: Exploring the internet as a medium for research, Area, 34, 92-102.

Madge, C. and O'Connor, H. (2005) Mothers in the making? Exploring notations of liminality in hybrid cyber/space. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 30, 1, 83-97.

Madge, C. (in progress) Online research methods: Postcolonial promise? To be submitted to Progress in Human Geography.

Mann, C. and Stewart, F. (2000) Internet Communication and Qualitative Research. London. Sage.

Matthews, H., Limb, M. and Taylor, M. (1998) The geography of children: some ethical and methodological considerations for project and dissertation work, Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 22, 3, 311-324.

Mills, B. F. and Whitacre, B. E. (2003) Understanding the non-metropolitan-metropolitan digital divide, Growth and change, 34, 2, 219-243.

Mitchell, B. and Draper, D. (1982) Relevance and Ethics in Geography. London. Longman.

Murray, A. D. (2003) Regulation and rights in networked space, Journal of Law and Society, 3, 2, 187-216.

Nakamura, L. (2002) Cybertypes: Race, Ethnicity and Identity on the Internet. New York. Routledge.

O'Dochartaigh, N. (2002) The Internet Research Handbook. A Practical Guide for Students and Researchers in the Social Sciences. London. Sage.

O'Sullivan, P. B. and Flanigan, A. (2003) Reconceptualizing 'flaming' and other problematic communication, New Media and Society, 5, 1, 67-93.

Ono, H. and Zavodny, M. (2003) Gender and the internet, Social Science Quarterly, 84, 1, 111-121.

Paccagnella, L. (1997) Getting the seat of your pants dirty: Strategies for ethnographic research on virtual communities, Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 3, 1.

Pitts, V. (2004) Illness and internet empowerment: Writing and reading breast cancer in cyberspace, Health, 8, 33-59.

Reid, E. (1996) Informed consent in the study of online communities: A reflection on the effects of computer-mediated social research, The Information Society, 12, 2, 169-174.

Rodriguez, J. (2000) A comparative study of internet content regulations in the United States and Singapore: The invincibility of cyber porn, Asian-Pacific Law and Policy Journal, 1, 1.

Scheuermann, L. and Taylor, G. (1997) Netiquette. Internet research. Electronic Networking Applications and Policy, 7, 4, 269-273.

Schrum, L. (1997) Ethical research in the information age: Beginning the dialog, Computers in Human Behavior, 13, 2, 117-125.

Shade, L. R. (2003) Whose global knowledge? Women navigating the net, Development, 46, 49-54.

Sharf, B. (1999) Beyond netiquette. The ethics of doing naturalistic research on the internet, in Jones, S. (Ed.) Doing Internet Research: Critical Issues and Methods for Examining the Net. Thousand Oaks. Sage. pp. 243-256.

Silver, D. (2000) Looking backwards, looking forwards: Cyberculture studies 1990-2000, in Gauntlett, D. (Ed.) Webstudies: Rewiring Media Studies for the Digital Age. London. Arnold. pp. 19-30.

Smith, C. (1997) Casting the net: Surveying an Internet population, Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 3, 1.

Snyder, D. I. (2002) 'I don't go by Sean Patrick': Online/offline/out identity and SeanPatrickLive.com, International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies, 7, 2-3, 177-195.

Spinello, R. (2001) Code and moral values in cyberspace, Ethics and Information Technology, 3, 137-150.

Spinello, R. (2003) Cyberethics: Morality and Law in Cyberspace. London. Jones and Bartlett.

Spinello, R. (2004) Readings in Cyberethics. London. Jones and Bartlett.

Stern, S. R. (2004) Studying adolescents online: A consideration of ethical issues, in Buchanan, E. (Ed.) Readings in virtual research ethics: Issues and controversies. Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Press. pp. 274-287.

Szabo, A. and Frenkl, M. D. (1996) Consideration of research on the internet: Guidelines and implications for human movement studies, Clinical Kinesiology, 50, 3, 58-65.

Tavani, H. T. and Grodzinsky, F. S. (2002) Cyberstalking, personal privacy and moral responsibility, Ethics and Information Technology, 4, 2, 123-132.

Thomas, D. (1988) Legal considerations in internet use- issues to be addressed, Internet Research, 8, 1, 70-74.

Thomas, J. (1996) Introduction: a debate about the ethics of fair practice for collecting social science date in cyberspace, The Information Society, 12, 2, 107-117.

Thomas, J. (2004) Reexamining the ethics of internet research: Facing the challenge of overzealous oversight, in Johns, M. D., Chen, S. S. and Hall, G. J. (Eds.) (2004) Online Social Research: Methods, Issues, and Ethics. New York. Peter Lang. pp.187-201.

Thompsen, P. A. and Foulger, D. A. (1996) Effects of pictographs and quoting on flaming in electronic mail, Computers in Human Behavior, 12, 2, 225-243.

Thurlow, C., Lengel, L. and Tomic, A. (2004) Computer Mediated Communication. Social Interaction and the Internet. London. Sage.

Travers, A. (2003) Parallel subaltern feminist counterpublics in cyberspace, Sociological Perspectives, 46, 223-237.

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United National Development Programme (2001) Making New Technologies Work for Human Development.
[External Link - opens in a new window] http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2001/.

Vujakovic, P. and Bullard, J. (2001) The ethics minefield: issues of responsibility in learning and research, Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 25, 2, 275-283.

Warnock, G. J. (1971) The Object of Morality. Totowa, NJ. Barnes and Noble Books.

Waskul, D. and Douglass, M. (1996) Considering the electronic participant: Some polemical observations on the ethics of online research, The Information Society, 12, 129-139.

Wasserman, I. M. and Richmond-Abbott, M. (2005) Gender and the internet: Causes of variation in access, level and scope of use, Social Science Quarterly, 86, 1, 252-270.

White, M. (2002) Representations or people? Ethics and Information Technology, 4, 249-266.

Yang, C-C. (2000) The use of the internet among academic gay communities in Taiwan: An exploratory study, Information, Communication and Society, 3, 2, 153-172.

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